Coronary artery bypass surgery in India is providing new life to numerous abroad patients who have got cardiac treatment at a comparative affordable cost. Indian medical tourism is playing a prominent role in saving life of many of the medical tourists from abroad destinations in India. Medical tourists coming here from the USA, UK and Canada are getting quality treatment here along with world class boarding amenities. The act of patients of traveling to abroad countries for urgent and economical medical treatment is known as Medical Tourism.
Medical Tourism is one of the latest concepts used to represent getting surgical and medical services while doing traveling and vacationing in abroad destinations. Medical tourism is a recent entrant in the field of international healthcare. According to a medical study done by the Confederation of Indian Industry and McKinsey medical tourism is going to become a $1 billion business by year 2017. Cost advantage is a prominent factor and selling point in the field of medical tourism. The international slogan of medical tourism thus is, "First World treatment at Third World prices". The cost difference between countries like India and USA is huge only a tenth and sometimes even a sixteenth of the cost seen in western countries. The most prominent nation promoting medical tourism for cardiac procedures like coronary artery bypass surgery is India.
Coronary artery bypass surgery is also known as coronary artery bypass graft surgery, colloquially heart bypass or bypass surgery is a surgical procedure that is done to relieve the disorder of angina and decrease the risk of death caused from the disease of coronary artery. In this surgical procedure the arteries or veins are taken from elsewhere in the patient's body and are grafted to the coronary arteries to bypass atherosclerotic narrowing and improve the flow of blood to the coronary circulation that is supplied to the myocardium (heart muscle). This surgery is usually done by keeping the heart stopped, making essential the usage of cardiopulmonary bypass; techniques that are present to perform CABG on a functioning heart, also known as "off pump surgery".
In the procedure of CABG an anesthetic specialist introduces numerous kinds of intravenous lines and injects an agent of anduction to make the patient unconscious. An endotracheal tube is inserted into the coronary artery and secured by the anesthetist or assistant (e.g. respiratory therapist or nurse anesthetist) and ventilation in mechanical mode is commenced. The chest of the patient is opened with the help of median sternotomy and the heart is observed by the doctor. The harvest of bypass graft is done the internal thoracic arteries, saphenous veins. Amd radial arteries are also tested in their performance.
When the procedure of harvesting is carried, the patient is provided with heparin medicine to prevent the clotting of blood. At the time of "off-pump" surgery, the surgeon temporarily fixes cardiac devices for stabilization of the heart. If the case is "on-pump", the doctor introduces cannulae into the heart and guides the perfusionist to commence cardiopulmonar bypass (CPB). Once CPB is completed, the doctor fixes the aortic cross-clamp across the aorta and tells the perfusionist to provide cardioplegia to stop the heart. One end of each coronary graft is sewed onto the coronary arteries beyond the blockages and the other end is connected to the aorta.
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