Joint replacement is a surgical procedure in which parts of an arthritic or damaged joint are removed and replaced with a metal, plastic or ceramic device called a prosthesis. The prosthesis is designed to replicate the movement of a normal, healthy joint.
Hip and knee replacements are the most commonly performed joint replacements, but replacement surgery can be performed on other joints, as well, including the ankle, wrist, shoulder, and elbow.
When you need joint replacement surgery
A person who has injured or damaged his joint may experience extremely severe pain at the site of the joint.
In certain instances when:
• The pain is extremely severe, one may "avoid using the joint, weakening the muscles around the joint and making it even more difficult to move the joint".
• If you are joints are hurting you so much that it is difficult to climb up the stairs or even walk.
• Your other treatments and medication and injections do not give you rid of pain.
• Swelling in your knee is unbearable
Types of Joint Replacement
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Hip Replacement
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Knee Replacement
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Shoulder Replacement
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Elbow Replacement
Knee replacement, or knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure to replace the weight-bearing surfaces of the knee joint to relieve the pain and disability of osteoarthritis. It may be performed for knee diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis. In patients with severe deformity from advanced rheumatoid arthritis, trauma, or long standing osteoarthritis, the surgery may be more complicated and carry higher risk. Other major causes of debilitating pain include meniscus tears, cartilage defects, and ligament tears. Debilitating pain from osteoarthritis is much more common in the elderly.
Hip Replacement surgery ocedure in which a doctor surgically removes a painful hip joint with arthritis and replaces it with an artificial joint often made from metal and plastic components. It usually is done when all other treatment options have failed to provide adequate pain relief. The procedure should relieve a painful hip joint, making walking easier.
Shoulder joint replacement
In shoulder replacement surgery, the damaged parts of the shoulder are removed and replaced with artificial components, called a prosthesis.
The treatment options are either replacement of just the head of the humerus bone (ball), or replacement of both the ball and the socket (glenoid).
In elbow replacement surgery, the damaged parts of the humerus and ulna are replaced with artificial components. The artificial elbow joint is made up of a metal and plastic hinge with two metal stems. The stems fit inside the hollow part of the bone called the canal.
There are different types of elbow replacements, and components come in different sizes. There are also partial elbow replacements, which may be used in very specific situations. A discussion with your doctor will help to determine what type of elbow replacement is best for you.
For more details: http://www.kneeandjointsurgery.com/joint-replacement-surgery-in-pune.php or