Who needs a Heart Transplant?
It is obvious that our body degenerates with passing time – either because of some disease or because of genetics due to which a specific organ might get damaged. There might be patients who might benefit from other treatment methods but when the damage goes beyond control and becomes irreparable, it is this point when a transplant can be the last resort. More specifically, when it comes to as crucial an organ like heart, it is very important that every possible treatment methodology is worked out.
The reasons why some heart patients are recommended a Heart Transplantation are:
- Severely damaged heart valves and muscles
- Congenital Heart Defects
- Hereditary heart diseases
- Dilated Cardiomyopathy
- Severe Coronary Heart Diseases
- End-stage Heart Failure
Patients with these above mentioned heart disorders are recommended a Heart Transplant procedure after they have tried other treatment methods like medications, surgeries and implant devices.
What is the Procedure?
The best Heart Transplant hospitals in India have outstanding facilities when it comes to this extremely critical procedure. Before finalizing this procedure, there is thorough evaluation process that the patients need to go through.
- Have a heart condition that will improve by getting a Heart Transplant done
- the overall health condition of the patient
- if the patient will benefit from any other treatment methodology
- are willing to quit smoking
- are psychologically strong enough to go through the complete treatment process and agree to adhere to the post-treatment recommendations
This procedure is an Open Heart surgery and takes quite a few hours for completion. Further, if the patient has undergone any other heart surgeries before this, then the Heart Transplant procedure might take additional time.
The patient is first connected to a Heart-lung Bypass Machine to keep the blood flow normalized. An incision is made in the chest and the chest bone is separated. Then to access the heart, the rib cage is opened and the damaged heart is removed and the donor heart is aptly positioned and sewn. After this, the new heart is linked to Aorta that is the primary artery of the heart, to the Pulmonary artery as well as the remnant part of the Atria. Most of the time, the heart starts working the moment there is restoration of blood flow but there are times when an electric shock might be required for the heart to start beating. The incision is closed and the patient is taken off the Heart-lung Bypass Machine.
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Chances of rejection and other associated risks
A newly transplanted heart might be considered as a foreign object by our body and this might lead to a few complications like getting an infection or rejection. Therefore, to avoid such a complex situation, there are a few vital points that the patients should keep in mind, after undergoing a Heart Transplant. Points like, maintaining good hygiene level, going for vaccinations regularly, practicing healthy lifestyle habits and being very particular about medications so that our immune system doesn’t cause any issues in the functioning of the new heart.
Some of the complications that a patient may face are:
- Graft Failure – failure of the new heart or malfunctioning
- Cardiac Allograft Vasculopathy – In this, the walls of the heart’s Coronary Arteries become thick
- The side effects of medications
- Further, the patients need to be very aware about the signs and symptoms to understand if the body is rejecting the organ. The symptoms include:
- Shortness of breath
- Fatigue (tiredness)
- Lowered quantity of urine, which can happen due to issues in the Kidneys
- Weight gain because the body retains fluid
What is the success rate?
When it comes to an advanced surgery like Heart Transplant, innumerable patients from all over the world are opting for Indian hospitals. One of the primary reasons behind this is the highly appreciable success rates. Over the years, the success rate of Heart Transplant has been soaring up continually, which has boosted the inflow of international patients majorly. The best Heart Transplant hospitals in India are very meticulous about keeping their infrastructure updated as per the international standards. With the state-of-the-art surgical techniques available along with the presence of some of the most reputed Heart Transplant surgeons, the success rates of this procedure is definitely getting boosted rapidly.
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