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What is Infertility? Understanding Definition, Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

Infertility is the inability of the couple to achieve a natural pregnancy that leads to the birth of a child. This can be observed even after a year of having sex regularly but without planning methods.

Infertility is a couple problem and is not a disease, but a consequence of one or several diseases.

Definition of Infertility:

Infertility is a frequent problem that consists of not conceiving after a year of having sex without any means of planning. Approximately 20% of couples are affected by infertility, which could be curable in more than 90% of cases if an adequate diagnosis is made. However, the lack of such diagnosis prevents achieving pregnancy.

Generally, infertility originates in both members of the couple and not in only one, so it is essential to study both men and women. Infertility treatment in India now has grown rapidly with the latest and advanced technologies.

created on: 11/29/17

Symptoms of Infertility:

The main symptom of infertility is that a woman does not get pregnant despite having unprotected sex. The appearance of more symptoms of infertility will depend on the cause that causes it.

Symptoms vary between men and women.

So, symptoms in women may include:

  • Abnormal menstruations
  • Irregular menses
  • Amenorrhea
  • Dysmenorrhea
  • Changes in the skin
  • Appearance of acne
  • Hair growth on lips, chest and/or chin

In man, the symptoms can be:

  •  Yellow or greenish semen
  •  Red or brown spots on the semen
  •  Cumshots with a very strong smell
  •  Very thick or watery ejaculations
  •  Cumshots with small amount
  •  Erection problems
  •  Ejaculation problems
  •  Testicular rigidity

Causes of Infertility:

In order for a woman to become pregnant, a series of complex ovulation and fertilization processes must be carried out without problems in any of the phases. An alteration in any of these phases can hinder pregnancy. Some of the causes of infertility can be congenital (present from birth) and others can appear as the person grows.

There is a belief that infertility is a problem that mainly affects women, but the truth is that the percentages are widely distributed between both sexes, specifically:

  •     In 33% the cause of infertility is associated to man
  •     In 33% the cause of infertility is associated with women
  •     In 10% of cases, both sexes are involved
  •    The causes of infertility cannot be identified in the remaining 24%

Treatments for Infertility:

Thanks to technology, there are many ways to help people with all kinds of fertility problems. The best options for you depend on your personal situation and the cause of your infertility.

Sometimes only one of the people in the couple needs treatment; others, both have to use a combination of treatments.

For the treatment of infertility, there is a wide variety of alternatives that will allow you to solve the problem, but it is important to be patient because you cannot expect a solution in a short time to a problem of years, with the aggravating circumstance that the human being is.

There are three main types of fertility treatments:

1. Fertility treatments based on medications

2. Fertility treatments based on assisted reproduction

* In vitro fertilization (IVF)

* Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)

* Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI)

3. Surgical fertility treatments

Bottom Line:

It is necessary to understand the symptoms of infertility so as to take the correct treatment based on the causes of infertility. Various fertility treatments centers are now available in India where they make use of the latest technology. This solves the problem of couples of not having a child. 


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